Téma ismertetése

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      Short description:

      The importance and necessity of chemistry in civil engineering. The structure of atoms, the electron shell structure, the structure of molecules and chemical bonding models. States of materials - explanation by intermolecular forces. Ideal and real laws of gases. Fluid systems properties. The structure of crystalline solids (ionic, atomic, molecular and metallic lattice crystal structure and properties). Difference between ideal and realistic structure, macroscopic properties of crystalline materials, lattice defects. Structure and properties of non-crystalline (amorphous or glassy) solids. Macromolecular substances and its chemical properties. Homogeneous and heterogeneous systems. Gibbs law. interfacial phenomena. The types of chemical reactions, speed of chemical reactions. Activation energy and reaction heat. Hess’s law. Chemical equilibrium. Acids, bases and salts. The pH concept. Hydrolysis of salts. Electrochemistry. Redox processes, redox potentials. Production of metals, corrosion of metals. Binding materials and binding mechanism. Cement chemistry. Chemical and mineralogical composition of cements. Hydration products, CSH, CAH, CH, primary and secondary ettringite. Application of theoretical knowledge in engineering practice.

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